Linguaggio e natura umana: Victor, il bambino selvaggio dell’Aveyron

  • Alessandro Prato University of Siena

Abstract

The paper focuses on the analysis of the writings of Jean Itard – De l’éducation d’un homme sauvage ou des premiers développements moraux et physiques du jeune sauvage de l’Aveyron (1801) and Rapport fait à son excellence le ministre de l’intérieur sur le nouveaux développements et l’état actuel du sauvage de l’Aveyron (1806-1807) – documenting the linguistic reeducation program of Victor de l’Aveyron, the wild child found in France at the end of the eighteenth century. When recovered, the boy was seemingly twelve or thirteen years old and suffered from a severe form of deficiency in the normal intellectual and linguistic evolution, being therefore utterly unable to speak and communicate with others. The Itard’s original method of cognitive reeducation is here examined both in relation to positive results he achieved and in relation to critical elements in the light of the most significant outcomes that eighteenth-century philosophy of language had reached, regarding to Locke’s and Condillac’s theory of the sign, to Helvetius’ anthropology and to the theory of the origin of language proposed by Monboddo.

Published
2017-10-31
How to Cite
PRATO, Alessandro. Linguaggio e natura umana: Victor, il bambino selvaggio dell’Aveyron. Blityri, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 111-131, oct. 2017. ISSN 2281-6682. Available at: <https://blityri.it/index.php/blityri/article/view/7>. Date accessed: 28 may 2020.